All about GSTR 9 – Annual Return Filing under GST – Form, Eligibility, Penalty

GST Annual Return


The due date for filing an annual return under GST is 31st December 2018. In this article, we have summarized the key pointers that a business must know in order to stay in compliance.

GSTR 9 is the form in which the annual return under GST is required to be filed by all registered taxpayers. This is applicable to a regular dealer as well as a composition scheme dealer. The idea behind introducing this form is to consolidate the information furnished in the monthly/quarterly returns during the year.

Eligibility to file GSTR 9:

All the registered taxable persons under GST must file GSTR 9. However, the following persons are not required to file GSTR 9:-

i) Casual Taxable Person
ii) Input service distributors
iii) Non-resident taxable persons
iv) Persons paying TDS under section 51 of GST Act.


Understanding GSTR 9:

There are 4 types of return under GSTR 9 :

i) GSTR 9 – This is to be filed by the regular taxpayers filing GSTR 1, GSTR 2, GSTR 3.

ii) GSTR 9A – This is to be filed by the persons registered under composition scheme under GST.

iii) GSTR 9B – GSTR 9B should be filed by the e-commerce operators who have filed GSTR 8 during the financial year.

iv) GSTR 9C – GSTR 9C should be filed by the taxpayers whose annual turnover exceeds Rs 2 crores during the financial year. All such taxpayers are also required to get their accounts audited and file a copy of audited annual accounts and reconciliation statement of tax already paid and tax payable as per audited accounts along with GSTR 9C.


GSTR Due Date:

GSTR-9 shall be filed on or before 31st December of the subsequent financial year.

For instance, for FY 2017-18, the due date for filing GSTR 9 is 31st December, 2018.

Details to be furnished in GSTR 9:

GSTR 9  has a total of 9 sections:

i)Provide GSTIN:  Each taxpayer will be allotted a state-wise PAN-based 15-digit Goods and Services Taxpayer Identification Number (GSTIN). GSTIN of the taxpayer will be auto-populated at the time of return filing.

ii) Legal name of the registered person: Name of the taxpayer will be auto-populated at the time of logging into the common GST Portal.

iii)Whether liable to Statutory Audit: Statutory audit is compulsory in case of companies and in case of individual/HUF if turnover exceeds Rs 1 crore.

iv)Date of statutory Audit:  Mention the date of the statutory audit.

v)Auditors: Mention the name of the auditors of the entity who has audited the accounts of the entity.

vi)Details of Expenditure: Details of goods and services purchased during the  financial year must be provided. Such information needs to be provided along with the HSN/ SAC codes applicable and the taxable value of such goods and services.

These details are mentioned in GSTR 2.


This information is divided into following heads :

i) Total value of purchases on which ITC availed (inter-State)  

ii) Total value of purchases on which ITC availed (intra-State)

iii) Total value of purchases on which ITC availed (Imports)

iv) Other Purchases on which no ITC availed

v) Sales Return

vi) Other Expenditure (Expenditure other than purchases)


Penalty for non-filing:


Late fees for not filing the GSTR 9 within the due date is Rs. 100 per day per act up to a maximum of an amount calculated at a quarter percent of the taxpayer turnover in the state or union territory. Thus it is Rs 100 under CGST & 100 under SGST, total penalty is Rs 200 per day of default. There is no late fee on IGST.

Details of income: 

  • Total value of supplies on which GST paid (inter-State Supplies) : It includes the supplies made in other states on which IGST is paid.

  • Total value of supplies on which GST Paid (intraState Supplies) : It includes supplies within the state on which SGST and CGST is paid.

  • Total value of supplies on which GST Paid (Exports): It includes export of goods and services made during the year on which IGST is paid

  • Total value of supplies on which no GST Paid (Exports) : It includes export of goods and services made during the year on which no IGST is paid

  • Value of Other Supplies on which no GST paid : It includes the details of supply of goods and services made during the year without any GST paid on it. i.e CGST and SGST in case of intra supply and IGST in case of inter-state supply.

  • Purchase Returns: Detail of purchase return made during the year is to be provided here.

  • Other Income (Income other than from supplies): Any other income earned during the year other than supplies mentioned in above points should be mentioned here.


Return Reconciliation Statement:

After furnishing all the information, the system will auto-reconcile the transactions and will determine tax liability payable against the tax actually paid. The system will also populate the amount of tax difference, interest, penalty if any.



If there is any other payable the same will be auto-populated here. It may include arrears or any liability because of the assessment.


Profit as per the Profit and Loss Statement:

In this section, mention the breakup of gross-profit, profit after tax and net profit.

Once all the particulars are furnished correctly, the taxpayer is required to sign digitally either through a digital signature certificate (DSC) or Aadhar based signature verification to authenticate the return.



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