Income from licence of software assessable as Royalty

Income from licence of software assessable as RoyaltyCIT vs. Samsung Electronics Co Ltd (Karnataka High Court)

The assessee imported “shrink-wrapped”/ “off-the-shelf” software from suppliers in foreign countries and made payment for the same without deducting tax at source (TDS) u/s 195. The AO & CIT (A) held that the payments were assessable to tax as “royalty” u/s 9(1)(vi)/ Article 12 and that the assessee was liable to pay the tax u/s 201. On appeal, the Tribunal relied on the judgement of the Supreme Court in Tata Consultancy Services vs. State of AP 271 ITR 401 (SC) and held that the assessee had acquired a “copyrighted article” but not the “copyright” itself and so the amount paid was not assessable as “royalty“. On appeal by the department, HELD reversing the Tribunal:

As reported by ITAT. ORG: (i) U/s 9(1)(vi) of the Act & Article 12 of the DTAA, “payments of any kind in consideration for the use of, or the right to use, any copyright of a literary, artistic or scientific work” is deemed to be “royalty“. Under the Copyright Act, 1957, a software programme constitutes a “copyright”. A right to make a copy of the software and use it for internal business by making copy of the same and storing it on the hard disk amounts to a use of the copyright u/s 14 (1) of that Act because in the absence of such a licence, there would have been an infringement of the copyright. Accordingly, the argument that there is no transfer of any part of the copyright and the transaction involves only a sale of a copyrighted article is not acceptable. The amount paid to the supplier for supply of the “shrink-wrapped” software is not the price of the CD alone nor software alone nor the price of licence granted. It is a combination of all. In substance unless a licence was granted permitting the end user to copy and download the software, the CD would not be helpful to the end user;

(ii) There is a difference between a purchase of a book or a music CD because while these can be used once they are purchased, software stored in a dumb CD requires a license to enable the user to download it upon his hard disk, in the absence of which there would be an infringement of the owner’s copyright. (TCS vs. State of AP distinguished as being in the context of sales-tax).

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